Emeline Hubert
PSYCHOLOGUE - PSYCHOPRATICIENNE
Tel: 06 84 48 92 36

What Is The Adana Agreement

In a speech to the Turkish Military Academy on Thursday, Erdogan hinted that the Russian proposal could work: « [The Adana agreement] was based on the handover of the separatist terrorist organization to us. The fact that the agreement was reached during our discussions with President Putin helps us to better understand that we need to emphasize. The agreement was updated in 2010, a year before the start of the war in Syria, and the Turkish Parliament approved it in 2011. Turkey and Syria will lead broader cooperation in the fight against terrorism. Ankara accuses the Syrian regime of not respecting the agreement and says it must enter Syria to protect its borders from the PKK YPG member organization. He stressed that Turkey`s military operations are in line with the Astana agreement of January 2017, in which Turkey, Russia and Iran are guarantors, and that they are also cemented by the Sochi agreement between the three countries. The provisions of the agreement open a legal avenue for Turkey to act in Syria, with the full agreement of Russia. The agreement is based on the fact that Damascus recognizes the PKK as a terrorist organization and prohibits all activities of the group and its affiliated organizations on its territory. In 2019, the agreement gained new significance thanks to ongoing Turkish operations on Syrian territory. [1] [13] The agreement was specifically mentioned in the second agreement on the North Syria buffer zone. The Adana agreement was the result of a mediation effort by Egypt and Iran and responded to Turkish demands for Syria to stop its support for the PKK, turn the group into a « terrorist » organization and dislodge its leader Abdullah Ocalan from the country. Now that Turkey has reached important agreements with Russia and the United States on a long-planned security zone in Syria, an anti-terrorism agreement between Damascus and Ankara in 1998 has once again made headlines. He added that Ankara could use the Adana agreement to legally justify Turkish operations inside Syria, with Syria required under the 1998 agreement to prevent Kurdish fighters from using its territory as a scene of attacks inside Turkey.

The Adana agreement also provided for Turkey and Syria to enter into a reciprocal agreement in which they abstained from any military activity that would jeopardize the security of the other. Although the agreement is still in force on a technical level, Turkey, since the start of the war in Syria in 2011, has sought the removal of President Bashar al-Assad, thus severely grating diplomatic relations. The Adana agreement, signed by Turkey and Syria on 20 October 1998, was the most critical topic on the agenda of the meeting between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin on 23 January. The two heads of state and government discussed the agreement at their joint press conference. Putin stressed that the 20-year-old agreement between Ankara and Damascus remained binding, while Erdogan stressed its importance and said Turkey would keep it on its agenda. It was the first meeting between the two heads of state since the announcement of the U.S. decision to withdraw its troops from Syria. That is why their discussions were already important – and the issue of the Adana agreement became even more important. What is this 1998 agreement and why is it back on the agenda after seven years of conflict in Syria? The Adana agreement was signed at a time when relations between Turkey and Syria were tense and neighbours were on the brink of war. Damascus had allowed Abdullah Ocalan, leader of the Kurdistan Workers` Party (PKK), who is now serving a life sentence on the Turkish island of Imrali, to protect and direct the terrorist organization`s activities for several years within its borders. When Turkey threatened to act militarily, Damascus deported Ocalan and closed PKK camps in the country.

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